By Viktor Orbán

Welcome, everybody, to the ceremony of Freedom.

I would like to respectfully welcome the participants from the Peace March, and I would like to welcome with special appreciation our Polish friends. Our cohesion is natural; our connection to each other is a source of energy. At the time of ‘Father’ Kossuth [Father = term of respect] they wrote: Hungary and Poland are two immortal oaks. that grew separate tree trunks, but their roots are intertwined, so one’s existence and strength is a condition of the other’s health and existence. This is no different today. If Poland is strong, then Hungary cannot be lost, either. If we are strong, we can help our Polish friends. That is why the Peace March is not only an assembly for the cause of the homeland, but also a stand for Poland, too. Respect for Poland! Respect for Hungary!

Again came the day — respected celebrating compatriots — that lifts up the hearts of every Hungarian. That day when they wrote a word in the Hungarian language into the great book of history: Freedom! This day many of us congregate to celebrate the brave, bow down before the memory of the heroes. Today a lot of us are gathered here because of — besides the tribute — a special reason. In not much more than three weeks we will decide the fate of Hungary. For this election, not only the next four years will be at stake.

I knew there would be a lot of us; I knew I would see resolute faces. Today we need exactly that. Seriousness and intrepidity, because we must discuss serious things. Just as serious things as were discussed 170 years ago [Revolution of 1848, when Hungary became separate from Austria]. We are the successors of 48’s freedom fighters and revolutionaries. That is why — just like 170 years ago — today we must also speak honestly and directly. If we do not say clearly what is happening with Hungary, and why what is happening is happening, then nobody would understand it. And if we do not understand, we can’t make a good decision three weeks from now. That is why directly, without opportunism, and without being demure, we must speak.

Petőfi clearly asked: “Shall we be slaves or be free?” Everybody understood it, and everybody knew the answer for this. We have done a lot of things together in the last 30 years, lots of struggles, and memorable battles we fought together. But the greatest things we could achieve in our lifetime, the utmost battles that we could fight together, are still ahead of us. And by all signs, right now, just coming up. The situation, my dear friends, is: They want to take away our country! Not with a stroke of the pen, like they did 100 years ago at Trianon [WW1 treaty that divided up Hungary]. Now — in just a couple of decades — they want us to hand it over willingly to others. To strangers from another continent, who do not speak our language, who do not respect our culture, our laws and our way of life. Who want to replace our way of life with theirs. From now on they do not want us and our descendants to live here, but someone else.

There is no exaggeration in this! We can see it day by day, as great European peoples and nations, step by step, area by area, from city to city, lose their homeland. The situation is such that those who do not stop the migration at their borders will be lost. Slowly but surely they will be consumed. All of this by external forces, international powers that are trying to force it upon us, with the help of their local allies, and they see the upcoming election as a great opportunity for this.

Respected ladies and gentlemen: The legacy of 1848 is that Hungary shall be a free, independent and HUNGARIAN country. In this there is everything that we would need today. As Széchényi said: “National orderliness, educated people, and a self-sufficient country.” Then he added: “Many think Hungary has been. I would like to believe: it will be.” Today we would answer the earl: Hungary WAS, IS… The question is: WILL IT BE?

So, my dear friends, we not only want to win an election, but our future too. Europe, and in it, we Hungarians are at an historic turning point. Never before have the national and globalists forces so openly strained against each other. On one side: us, the millions with national sentiments. On the other side: the elite world citizens. On one side: us, who believe in nation states, the defense of borders, in the value of families and work. And on the opposite side: those who want open societies, a world without nations and borders, who want new types of families, devalued work, and cheap labor. Above them rules an army of inexorable, impenetrable and unaccountable bureaucrats. The national and democratic forces on one side, supranational, undemocratic forces on the other side. This is how the situation looks in Hungary 24 days before the election.

Respected celebrators, respected Peace March members! The end of the work that needs to be done is far away. But the results of the last eight years speak for themselves. To remind you of those is important, but not enough! Europe and Hungary are in the middle of a war between civilizations. We face a migration that upsets our order and puts at risk our way of life. At the same time, we must protect our achievements, and begin to fight for the persistence of meaning. Without preserving our way of life, everything will lose meaning. If the country is no longer Hungarian, what is all the “orderliness” for?

Let’s not delude ourselves [refers to Earl Széchényi’s sentence]; we do not have to fight against the anemic opposition parties, but an international network that has been organized into an empire. Media financed by foreign groups, and a domestic oligarchy, professional activists for rent, agitators, organizers of riots, chains of NGOs paid by international speculators, which can be summed up with George Soros’ name, since he personifies it. This is the world we must fight against, to defend our own.

A good soldier does not fight because he hates the opponent before him, but because he loves what is behind him. Loves Hungary and the Hungarian people.

Respected celebrators: we grew out of Christian culture; we differentiate between the man and his deeds. We never hated and we will never hate anybody. Just the opposite: we continue to believe in the power of love and unity. But we will fight against what George Soros’ empire does and wants to do against our country. This is our home; this is our life; we do not have another one, so we will fight to the end for it and never give up… ever!

We know that in every constituency they will be against our candidates. Their mission — once they grasp power — to execute the “Great Plan”. The Great Plan is to break Hungary, which stands in the way of the migration, and bring first thousands of migrants, then ten thousand, later tens of thousands to be settled in Hungary.

In these numbers there is no exaggeration! Europe is already under an invasion. If we let it, in the coming decades, tens of millions will begin to move into Europe from Africa and the Middle East. Western Europe is watching this with their hands in the air. Whoever puts his hands up is disarming himself. He is no longer making decisions about his fate. The history of the losers will be written by others in the years ahead. The young people in Western Europe will see it, when they become a minority in their own country and they lose the only thing in the world they can call home. Such forces as now reveal themselves have not been seen in the world for a long time.

Africa will have ten times more young people than Europe. If Europe does nothing, they will kick down the doors, and Brussels will not protect Europe. They do not want to stop the migration, but rather to support it and organize it. They want to dilute and replace the people of Europe! They [Brussels] throw them our way of life, our culture and everything, what separates us and differentiates us Europeans from other nations of the world. It is a meager consolation that the European nations will not forgive those leaders who — without asking the people — totally changed Europe.

Let us be proud that we were the ONLY country in the entire Union that asked the people if they want mass immigration.

Respected ladies and gentlemen, respected celebrators: in three weeks, we will have an election. The list of parties has been published; the candidates are registered. We know them. There are some we have battled with for 30 years, and some for ten years, but sometimes it feels like a hundred years. We can’t have illusions; let’s learn from our past. They themselves acknowledged they were lying in the morning, at noon and in the evening — without taking a breath. We must prepare for the fact that in the end, against our candidate will stand one of Soros’ candidates. Perhaps ostensibly more than one of them will start, some of them with the parking brake on; others will step down at the last minute; some of the others will pretend they are not even there. We must prepare also; they will try to wear disguises. Last time they hid behind a candidate disguised as an independent. They were afraid to openly acknowledge their owner. They know that if they openly stand in front of the country and say who is paying them, they have no chance. Everybody knows that we, the migration-opposing Hungarians, are the majority. Our opponents only have a chance if they can divide our camp, if they can break our unity.

Their goal is to talk of anything except the trouble that endangers Hungary. Our opponents know that the fate of Hungary could now be decided for decades. That is why they are undeterred by anything. They do not argue, but censor. They do not fence, but pinch, kick, bite and sow the seeds of hatred wherever they go. We are a lenient and jovial people, but we are not blind or dupes. After the election we will have our satisfaction — moral, political and legal satisfactions, too. But right now we can’t waste our strength or our time. We should shake off the attacks, like a dog shakes off water. Only think of our mission, only think of our common goals, turn our strength towards defending Hungary. Let’s not forget the first rule of election fights: strength is in unity! One camp, one flag, and everybody is needed!

Respected ladies and gentlemen… I know this struggle is hard for everyone. I understand it if some are scared. It’s understandable, because we must fight an opponent who is very different than we are. Not with an open helmet [= fair fighting], but hiding. Not straightforward, but crafty. Not fair, but excremental. Not nationalist, but internationalist, who does not believe in honest work, but in financial speculation; who does not have a homeland, because he feels he owns the whole world. He is not generous, but vengeful. And he always attacks the heart, especially if it’s red, white, and green [national colors of Hungary].

But my dear friends: we always knew that there is a great deal at stake. Hungarian history accustomed us to having to fight for the same things that are natural for luckier people. For us it’s enough that there is a single wobbly leader; enough that there is a clumsy government. A single election result goes awry, and everything vanishes that for years we worked so hard for. This is such a drafty corner of the world, where history never leaves us alone, no matter how much we feel that we deserve a break. Our ancestors phrased it correctly: Cowardly people have no homeland! And we gathered our courage when we needed it.

It has never been easy. Look at the sculptures in the square: Andrássy was sentenced to death by the Emperor in Vienna; Rákóczi died while he was in exile. Kossuth was ousted by the Labanc [German, Austrian troops for the Habsburg Emperor]. István Tisza was shot by communists. It was never easy. But in the end we were always victorious. In the end we sent the Sultan home with his janissaries, the Habsburg Emperor with his Labanc, the Soviets with their comrades, and now we will send “Uncle” George home with his network. We want to ask you to go back to the United States and bring “happiness” to the Americans. [Chanting: go back, go back, go back]

Respected ladies and gentlemen, it’s a real mystery, after so much tragedy, that we could overcome, and how it is possible, after a thousand years, that we are still here. Perhaps because we always knew that our existence had meaning outside of ourselves. We always knew there is a culture here, a soul and a spirit, which across centuries raised our hearts, consoled the people, and which also vitalizes us. We still have a uniting, unifying conception. We still have our national self-esteem. We did not drift so far from Christianity that our anchor line might break away.

But fate sometimes falters with us, too. Sometimes our national pride gets dented. But we never gave these up, so we never got lost, and that is why they arise again and again, overflow, and captivate our hearts.

Respected celebrators: We know we are not a people without faults. And in our history there were also dark hours and cold days. But we are sure that we gave the world more than we received back. The world would be poorer without the Hungarians; the history of Central Europe would be more painful; and without us, the Carpathian valley would be a worse place, too.

So we have a right to exist. We have no reason to fear now, either; we have only to say: Whoever is Hungarian, be with us! We will be victorious, again and again. We will win, because Hungary is for the Hungarians!

Respected ladies and gentlemen, respected celebrators: In 2010, when we recovered, revolted and started to fight for the Hungarians in Brussels and the other centers of the Empire, we were alone. But since then the Poles arrived. Then the Slovaks and the Czechs. Then America elected a president who opposes [illegal] migration. The Brits have also set foot on their own path. Israel still perseveres. In Austria the patriots took power, and the Italians also said NO to immigration.

The question is only that: did we Hungarians learn from the mistakes of others? Did we understand that this can be messed up only once? If we screwed it up, that’s the end of it! There is no other chance, no second examination; if the dam bursts, the flood will enter, and the cultural occupation will become irreversible. As a stake, our future is on the table.

Because of that, I would like to separately address the young people. When else can we do that, if not on March 15th? Dear youngsters: perhaps you feel like the world is yours for the taking. That, and give me the lion, too! And you are right. The lack of ambition is mediocrity itself. And life is not worth anything, if someone does not begin something with it. But… In your life will come a moment when you realize you need a place, a language, a home, where one can be with his own safely, surrounded by love, can live out his life. A place where you can return, a place where you can feel life is not without meaning, and even at the end, will not fall into nothingness. It will add and build on the thousand-year-old great creation, which we simply call “homeland”, the Hungarian homeland.

Respected Hungarian youngsters, your homeland now needs you! The homeland needs you; come and fight with us, so when the time comes that you need the homeland, you will still have it.

Respected ladies and gentlemen, I think we have talked everything through! We collected the [horse] trappings; we saddled up and prepared for the three-week election campaign. The only thing left is to ask the good Lord — now we are not singing it as we usually do, but in prose, in a poem, as Ferenc Kölcsei taught us. We have never done it like this before. Let’s try it together! O, God: bless the nation of Hungary. With your grace and bounty extend over it your guarding arm during strife with its enemies. Long torn by ill fate, bring upon it a time of relief. This nation has suffered for all sins of the past and of the future!

Hungarians! Raise high the flags! Go and fight; long live Hungarian freedom, and long live the homeland. Up for victory! Hoorah Hungary, hoorah Hungarians!




International trade policy is a governmental policy covering economic transactions across borders. The main instruments of international trade policy are tariffs, trade subsidies, import quotas, voluntary export restraints, restrictions on the establishment of foreign-owned businesses, and regulation of trade in services. These are sometimes agreed by treaty within a customs union. In the case of the European Union, commercial policy has been governed in common since the EU was created in 1957.

Dumping is selling below cost. Dumping always improves economy!  Dumping is a sort of Marshall plan! Dumping is very good for Occident, because foreign taxpayers subsidize our welfare!  Let Chinese dump all the way until they go broke. We love Chinese dumping!  Uncle Chin, please dump on me!  Yes, please, please, please!

Global trade has hurt some temporarily, even as it has benefited others. But that assessment paints an incomplete picture. There is a potentially positive effect of trade, namely the opportunity for firms to access cheaper inputs from foreign suppliers. Inputs are materials or components used to manufacture finished goods, such as sheet steel or windshield wiper blades in the automobile business. When companies reduce costs by sourcing inputs from China, they are able to use those savings to buy more components from other suppliers, not only in China and other countries, but also in the United States.

The prevailing anti-trade rhetoric is based on the false supposition that trade is a zero-sum game and that winners and losers are divided by nationality. But trade typically benefits those who engage in it. The winners and losers in the global marketplace are determined less by the countries in which they are based than by their ability or inability to get the most value from an increasingly international supply chain.

Larger firms are typically better able than smaller ones to take advantage of global sourcing because they can more easily cover the costs of opening new supply channels. The advantages from these new channels are significant. For companies with sufficient scale, international trade can be very good business indeed. But how does that affect American workers? Our research suggests it benefits those who work for firms able to take advantage of global supply chains, or companies who supply those firms. A company that supplies its Michigan assembly plant with lower-cost headlights from China can use those savings to source more engine mounts from Ohio. While that benefits workers in China, it’s also good for folks in Michigan and Ohio.

A big potential cost of limiting international trade is the collateral damage it could inflict on U.S. firms, including not only those that benefit from low-cost foreign inputs, but also their domestic suppliers. Even if trade partners did not retaliate against U.S. protectionism with trade barriers of their own, higher domestic tariffs would decrease the competitiveness of U.S. firms, both at home and abroad and lead to higher prices for consumers.

It is erroneous to believe that free traders have been historically in favor of free trade agreements between governments. Paradoxically, the opposite is true. Curiously, many laissez-faire advocates fall into the government-made trap by supporting free-trade treaties. However, if we accept free trade, treatises of commerce have no reason to exist as a goal. There is no need to have them since what they are meant to fix does not exist anymore, each nation letting come and go freely any commodity at its borders.

Unilateral free trade is complete freedom of imports.  Free trade should be unilateral, that it consists not in treaties but in complete freedom in international trade, regardless of where products come from. The lack of transparency concerning free-trade negotiations is problematic and it is often hard to know what the content of a treaty will be.

We opposed NAFTA and showed that what the Orwellians were calling a free trade agreement was in reality a means to cartelize and increase government control over the economy. Several clues lead us to the conclusion that protectionist policies often hide behind free trade agreements, for as genuine free trade doesn’t require a treaty.

Intergovernmentalism is nothing more than a process governments use to mutualize their respective sovereignties in order to complete tasks they are not able to accomplish alone. Nation-states are entities which rarely give up power. When they finalize agreements, it is to strengthen their power, not to weaken it. On the contrary, free trade requires a decline of governments’ regulatory power.

Free trade does not require interstate cooperation. On the contrary, free trade can be and has to be done unilaterally. As freedom of speech does not need international cooperation, freedom to trade with foreigners does not need governments and treaties. Similarly, our government should not rob their population with corporatist and protectionist policies just because others do. Anyone who believes in free trade does not fear unilateralism. The simple fact that bureaucrats and politicians do not conceive of the international economy outside of a legal frame settled by intergovernmental agreements is sufficient to show the mistrust they express toward individual freedom. This reinforces the conviction that these agreements are driven by mercantilist preoccupations rather than genuine free trade goals.

History shows that multilateralism leads toward deadlock. The failure of the Doha Round is the cause of the proliferation of bilateral and regional initiatives. The contentious relations between governments come from the will of some states to dictate their norms to other countries’ producers through an international harmonization process. But this is the exact opposite of free trade. As economic theory shows us, exchange and the division of labor is not based on equality and harmonization but rather on differences and inequality. Furthermore, the technicality and secrecy surrounding free-trade agreements favor mercantilism and protectionism to the extent that technical regulations are used to favor producers who are politically well connected.

There is a vigor with which governments have tried over several decades to impose at the international level a more constraining legal framework for intellectual property. The first initiatives appear in 1883 and 1886 with the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and the Bern Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. Amended several times during the twentieth century, the initiatives embrace, respectively, 176 and 168 states. These conventions are placed under the auspices of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an international bureaucracy which joined the United Nations system in 1974. A turning point came in 1994 with the signature of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) administrated by the World Trade Organization (WTO). It is now incorporated as an essential part of the administration of international commerce and benefits from the WTO’s sanction mechanisms.

In 2012 we endured a fresh attempt by our governments to reduce our freedom to create and share intellectual works with the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). And, if we look at the negotiations mandates of these trade agreements, we can see they all include a chapter on the reinforcement of intellectual property rights. Intellectual property has become a key concept of the international economy. But this must not hide its illegitimacy.

From the point of view of the protectionist, treaties of commerce are what is most important for a country’s economic future. Each time a new free trade treaty is enacted, what is seen is the attenuation of tariff barriers, but what is not seen is the sneaky proliferation and harmonization of non-tariff barriers impeding free enterprise and creating monopolies at an international scale at the expense of the consumer. It’s time for genuine free trade.

Trump does not carry over the market-driven principles of his sensible domestic policies into the realm of international trade. The introduction of national borders does not mean that the gains from competition, certainty, and administrative simplicity no longer apply. The key principle of comparative advantage applies in both contexts. A good analogy is trade between states in the United States: Open trade among our states has produced growth and lowered costs for goods and services—and it could do the same at the level of nations. It would be a national disaster if states erected barriers to goods and services coming from other states. Trump’s views on international trade represent outright invitations to the worst mercantilist excesses found in Obama’s protectionist trade policies.

Trump says “I believe strongly in free trade but it also has to be FAIR TRADE.” The former term is easily defined. Each government allows cross-border transactions in goods and services to take place on the same terms and conditions as ordinary domestic trades: no tariffs or quantitative restrictions on the flow of goods, services, or cash. The net cash balances, plus or minus, are of no particular concern. Let them fall as they may. Where there is a trade deficit with a particular country, it only means that the United States has persuaded individuals and firms from other countries to invest their money in the United States, where it can help fund new domestic businesses that generate growth, jobs, and products.

The reason American firms go overseas is that the cheaper parts and labor allow them to sell more effectively both domestically and abroad, which is why it is presidential foolishness to badger companies like Carrier to maintain plants in the United States. The market responds to incentives that the protectionists ignore.

Ideally, of course, all nations should follow the same policy, but often, for a variety of protectionist reasons, many nations try to prop up exports with subsidies and drive down imports with tariffs or quantitative restrictions. The hard question is how to improve the position for the United States in this second-best world. Trump is keenly aware that we often face tariffs and taxes overseas, while foreign goods come into this country virtually free. But, notwithstanding his distaste for this practice, there is a huge virtue in adopting a strict policy of non-retaliation that seeks to lift tariff barriers overseas without raising tariffs at home. The subsidies that foreign governments confer upon their export industries redound in part to American buyers, who in turn increase their levels of consumption, or reduce the costs of the goods that they make for sale in both domestic and export markets.

The term “fair trade” is less easily defined, though it covers a multitude of bad policies, like the imposition of tariffs and restrictions on the free flow of goods. And when that phrase is used, as Trump did in withdrawing from the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations, “to promote American industry, protect American workers, and raise American wages,” he is asking for trouble. By putting a tariff wall around the United States, he is removing the pressure that state and local governments have to make their own businesses more productive and competitive by internal deregulatory reform. His approach to bilateral negotiations could easily lead to a downward global spiral that will engulf the United States.

Trump’s backward views on international trade are reflected in his constant refrain that we should “Buy American and Hire American” domestically. On the positive side, he issued an executive order allowing the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines to move forward on an orderly basis—following endless Obama administration regulatory delays, long after all environmental or preservationist issues were resolved. Yet at the same time, he issued the related but indefensible Executive Order that “all new pipelines, as well as retrofitted, repaired, or expanded pipelines, inside the borders of the United States, including portions of pipelines, use materials and equipment produced in the United States, to the maximum extent possible and to the extent permitted by law.”

Fortunately, these last two phrases show some wiggle room that is often overlooked in the press headlines, because this EO applies, except when it doesn’t. It is hard to give economic content to the phrase “maximum extent possible,” because the words conceal the question of just how much unnecessary extra cost must be incurred in order to make good on a promise that, if kept, only drives up the energy costs of American manufacturers and consumers. Nor is it clear how much of this order can survive the provisions of the World Trade Organization that prevent various kinds of favors to local over foreign suppliers.

The argument here is, again, straightforward. Any form of discrimination distorts the relative value of competitive goods and thus leads to economic efficiencies, which the WTO is intended to combat. With these two pipelines, the problem was happily skirted because both companies had purchased and stored the needed steel pipes before these Executive Orders were issued, making it wasteful to chuck large quantities of steel. But the possibility that such “Buy American” Orders will resurface is ever present. The irony is that the populist Trump is taking a leaf out of the Obama playbook: The previous administration’s American Recovery and Reinvestment Act contained complex “Buy American” provisions that exacerbated the slow growth of the Obama years.

Trump blames American economic woes on other countries rather than on the bad policies of the Obama administration. Thus, at one point in his speech, Trump raised the reckless charge that it is our foreign entanglements that have led to our domestic distress. He lamented: “For too long, we’ve watched our middle class shrink as we’ve exported our jobs and wealth to foreign countries.” The first half of this charge again ignores the benefits at home from exporting jobs that can increase the supply and reduce the costs of services that are consumed at home, as well as strengthening through trade our alliances with other countries. It never occurs to Trump that it is the domestic obstacles in labor markets—and not free trade—that stunt job growth and lead to wage stagnation. And no country just gives away wealth to foreign countries without getting some concessions in return. We are not being bled dry by foreigners.


  1. What are the main instruments of international trade policy?
  2. What is dumping?
  3. Who benefits from dumping?
  4. What is unilateral free trade?
  5. Why free traders do not favor trade agreements?



Cryptocurrency has been causing waves in the world of finance since it hit the scene with Bitcoin’s release in 2008. Get the insight on the crypto revolution in the above infographic. Find out what a cryptocurrency is and how it works, all about crypto wallets and how to use crypto, its advantages and risks, ways to trade it and more.

Blockchain is our only hope to bypass government, creating a pure anarchy without gods, masters, and kleptocrats.  Fiat money and governments will eventually disappear.

Government is too self-interested to be trusted to maintain a currency that sustains its value. The blockchain experiment may not be the answer. But the renegade entrepreneurs keep trying. For on the face of it, any currency that costs nothing to multiply, when its manufacturer actively benefits from running the presses, will inexorably fritter to confetti. Citizens in any income stratum should have a right to expect that a euro in their pocket today will buy a euro’s worth of goods or services tomorrow. But apparently that’s pie-in-the-sky.

Imagine a secure international cryptocurrency whose steady value was not subjected to deliberate, systematic decay, whose supply was strictly limited, whose coin was universally accepted, and whose production was beyond the control of the state. 

The cryptocurrency community is divided on whether bitcoin is a side show or the show. However, the fundamental breakthrough is not necessarily bitcoin but the blockchain technology, which is the distributed ledger that tracks these transactions. Entries cannot be changed and are transparent to all parties involved. Typically, there is no central authority like a government or a bank controlling it.

Serious players are investing in blockchain technology, It’s hard to point to a serious financial services company or consulting company or technology company that is not already investing quite a bit into this. Some are doing it through bank consortiums.

One such consortium is R3. It works with more than 100 banks, financial institutions, regulators and other stakeholders worldwide to develop its own distributed ledger called Corda. R3 and other groups are all experimenting with different protocols that are independent of bitcoin.

The blockchain’s biggest impact on financial services is to make back office functions more efficient. It’s pretty clear that this kind of almost 19th century way that back office tasks are being handled is just way too slow and way too expensive.


It would not be unusual to feel nervous about traveling solo as a woman, as you might be the primary target of Gypsies in Europe. However taking a trip out into the world on your own can provide you the chance to experience one of the most liberating and rewarding experiences of your life. 

All tourist attractions of Europe are no-go zones, because Gypsies rob tourists. Every European house needs a gun now. Only guns can stop Gypsy robbers. Police cannot protect us from Gypsies, as they show up after the robbery, just to fill certain forms. Gypsies are the scum of Europe. Antigypsyism is prevalent but very justified. EU now plays host to a dozen million thieving Gypsies. Many of them reside in illegal camps outside cities, from which they journey every morning into the city to exploit, harass, and steal from tourists. Some beg at ATMs, some pick pockets, some tour the streets pretending to be deaf, dumb or otherwise disabled, and seeking donations for fictitious charities. Then there are the swarmers who descend on tourists and citizens, surrounding them, creating a brief flurry of confusion, and running off with their bags, wallets, cell phones, and cameras. Gypsies also rob homes and shops, using various tricks to fool the owners.

Gypsydom is the most prevalent cancer of EU. Most Europeans have been gypped.  That’s why Gypsies, the scum of planet Earth, must be expelled from Europe. There is an uptrend of Gypsy haters. I personally have been robbed by Gypsies many times.  I am mad as hell, and I am not going to take this from Gypsies anymore. That’s why I searched to find everything about them and their scams.  Yes, I am an avowed antigypsyist!  I am determined to not let those hateful bastards rob me again.  If you have not been robbed by Gypsies yet, you are just lucky.  Police gave up on them, because they do not know how to control them. Yes, Gypsies outsmart and amuse all police! 

EU needs a central office to combat the Gypsy nuisance. Europeans are mad as hell, and they are not going to take this from Gypsies anymore! Gypsy is short for Egyptian, originally falsely thought to have come from Egypt. Gypsies are also known by other names such as Romani, Roma, Roms, Ciganos, Tsigganoi, and Robbers. A Gypsy is a member of wandering robbers who migrated to Europe from India in the 12th century.

Gypsy children are raised being told the myth of the young Gypsy boy who saved the life of Jesus. The tale tells of four nails made to be used in the crucifixion: one each for the hands of Jesus, one for his feet and the fourth, a nail of gold, for his heart. Late at night, the Gypsy boy stole the golden nail, so when the crucifixion took place the next day, only three nails remained. God appeared to the young Gypsy boy telling the child his act of thievery saved Jesus from having the nail plunged through his heart. In payment for the boy’s deed, God endowed Gypsies the right to steal with no moral consequences forever!  Gypsies consider robbery a spiritual act and duty!   Gypsy children are well trained in robberies, and they cannot be prosecuted in Europe, if they are under 14 of age.

Oliver Twists are alive all over Europe. Gypsy child thieves live in camps on the fringes of Madrid, Milan, Athens, and all big cities of Europe. They’re sent into town by their controllers, their Fagins, to steal. Sometimes they’re beaten, locked up, or sold. It’s extraordinary and terrifying that such Dickensian scenes are happening every second in Europe. And there’s no nice Mr. Brownlow to rescue them.

Gypsies choose a lifestyle of thievery, one that is as natural to them as eating and sleeping. This organized crime race, masters of fraud and false identification, does not associate with normal society and speaks a language rarely mastered outside their culture. Seldom caught, rarely prosecuted and almost never jailed, Gypsies even have their own court, Kris, where all grievances are resolved. They look upon the rest of society simply as their prey. Most Gypsy crimes are directed at people who are the most vulnerable. People in times of emotional pain are often easy prey. Our elderly are their largest targets because they still trust people.

Traditionally, anywhere from 10 to several hundred extended families form robbery bands, or kumpanias, which travel together in caravans and rob all citizens they get in contact. Each robbing band is led by a voivode, whom the families elect for lifetime. This person is their chieftain and robber-in-chief. A senior woman in the band, called a phuri dai, looks after the welfare of the group’s women and children. Smaller robbery alliances, called vitsas, are formed within the bands and are made up of families who are brought together through common ancestry.

Gypsies place great value on extended families. Families typically involve multiple generations living and robbing together, including unmarried young and adult children and a married son, his wife, and their children. By the time an older son is ready to establish his own household, a younger son often will have married and brought his wife and children into the family. Gypsies typically marry in their teens, and many marriages are arranged. Weddings are typically very elaborate, involving very large and colorful dress for the bride.

While there is not a physical country affiliated with Gypsies, the International Romani Union was officially established in 1977. In 2000, The 5th World Romany Congress in 2000 officially declared Gypsies a non-territorial nation.  This is because Gypsies rob all territories they pass through, raising hell and thrown out. April 8 is International Day of Gypsies, a day to raise awareness of new robbing tricks and celebrate the Gypsy culture of robberies. Big robbers are rewarded with medals, and children demonstrate their robbery tricks.

The International Romani Union issues Gypsy passports. The Gypsy passport was created as a document confirming affiliation of the robber to the nation of Gypsies. Notification of the national belonging has an extremely importance for Gypsies, because these robbers have not their own country and the international rules regarding passport legalization for Gypsies are difficult to establish. It is necessary to confirm that the obtainer of welfare benefits squandered by the world’s society for Gypsies really belong to the nation of Gypsies. Due to existence of Gypsy passport, any mistakes and discrepancies in distribution of welfare benefits for Gypsies can be avoided.

As we look at the more frequent Gypsy scams, remember it is the style that identifies the crime as Gypsy. Gypsies rarely work alone and are always in pairs or more and always use family. There are myriad ways in which you could be scammed by Gypsies. Take note of the most frequent Gypsy scams that have happened to most Europeans. The best way to avoid these scams is not to engage in any kind of eye contact and to avoid any verbal interaction other than the word NO! Most Gypsy scams work on a distraction-destruction mode. One Gypsy distracts you, while the other Gypsy robs you.

Home invasions are residential burglaries usually committed in the daytime and while the homeowners are present. Entrance may be through a back door or window or by distraction at the front door. A male driver will be close by, usually in a rental car, to aid in a quick escape. Two Gypsies rang my door bell.  When I got out they were unloading fertilizer on my garden.  While I was arguing with one that I did not order any fertilizers, the other went inside my home and stole my money. He knew exactly what closet and drawer my money was in.  They got away with five thousand euros. I haven’t figured out yet how they knew about it.  Somebody might have told them. But I cannot think of anybody knowing my hiding place.

You might see children walking up to various people and showing them a piece of torn newspaper. They position the newspaper right up close to each unsuspecting victim’s face to create a distraction so that they don’t notice that their valuables are being stolen. When you are relaxing, never completely drop your guard. Often you are being watched to catch you at a moment when you are not paying attention. Do not leave valuables in the open for others to see them. If you are approached while sitting down in a vulnerable position you should probably stand up and if asked something, anything, just firmly say NO! No is a universal word and they will get the picture immediately.

A shady flower Gypsy gives a flower to a girl and says flower for a pretty lady. He will then ask another person and then come back to you asking for five euros, the cost of the rose. They will chase you down as you are walking away, demanding their money. If you try and give the flower back, they will refuse to take it but continue to demand their money. Don’t get caught out; things are rarely free. If a man hands you a flower, it will not be free!

You could find at least two Gypsies blocking off each entrance to the stairs as you walk up them. As you walk past, they engage you and persist in asking you to participate in what they are doing. You may be asked to put out your finger or expose your wrist, and they will proceed to plait a piece of cotton around your wrist or finger. Once finished, the ornament will be tied off and they will then ask you for money. If you refuse, they then become angry. While you are arguing with them, a couple other Gypsies approach you and start manhandling you. This is the point where your phone or wallet is stolen, or you give in and give them a few euros just to allow you to leave safely. Be extremely aware if you are being engaged by two Gypsies at the same time.

You might be approached by a young Gypsy woman and ask if you spoke English. If you yessed, she will share a rehearsed storyline, which will be an attempt to tug at your heart strings, and at the end ask you for money. They might hand you a piece of paper which has the sob story written on it.

You might be asked to sign a petition for the starving people in Africa. The Gypsies will often claim to be working with a specific charity, however they are in plain clothes and show no identification whatsoever. If you do sign the partition they will then ask you how much you wish to donate to them. If you tell them that you don’t wish to donate, they then say “But you have signed. You have to pay” or something along those lines. Be assured that not a cent will go towards the charity that is being named.

You might see a Gypsy with a cardboard box and three round rubber discs. Under these rubber discs will be one white spot, and you are asked to pick the disc which has the spot under it. You will not win at this game. The scammer is very practiced at hiding the white spot, yet even if you are about to choose the right one you will be prevented from doing so by his team mates. That’s right! The dealer has one or two other scammers working with him pretending to be players, and who run interference to stop you winning. When there is no one gambling they act as lucky winners that just keep winning all time. When you are playing the game they will swoop and take your disk if you are about to win, and claim that they have won.

A woman might pick up a gold ring in delight and say something like “Oh my lucky day!” and then proceed to ask if you dropped it or if it is yours. You will probably say “No”, and then she will just give it to you. In return she will ask for a few dollars in exchange for her kindness, a finder fee. This ring is not gold nor does it have any monetary value at all.

You might see a beggar who has a sign which says words something like “I am sick with a certain disease and need money for medication”. You might have seen the man change from day to day but still have the same sign and sit in the same spot. You might have also seen a man with dogs and cats rotate from day to day. You might see Gypsies on their knees face down with a sign placed in front of them, or maybe just a collection hat or plate.

You might see a Gypsy walking through a carriage handing out a business card which had printed on it that he lost his job and has a wife and kids etc. Once he hands them all out, he comes back to collect his cards and also to collect money from anyone who would give him some. It is worth noting these cases the cards are not hand-written but printed, and so they have gone into some effort and expense and probably have thousands of them.

Gypsies pickpocket many people. This act many times is committed just as the train doors closed, so the victim dos not have time to realize that it had even happened before it was too late. The thief is always a young Gypsy of varying age, and they are always very quick. Whenever you are riding a metro you do need to pay close attention to your luggage and know where your valuable belongings are. A small backpack or your handbag sitting at your feet is like taking candy from a baby for a pick pocket.

A wallet in your back pocket is another target that you have painted on yourself. If you have a zip pocket at all, this would be your best bet to preserve your wallet and everything in it. If you can prevent it, try not to pull your wallet out and expose it while you are on the metro as it could be an easy snatch or show the pickpocket where you keep it. Be aware of the situation and protect your belongings, especially when the doors of the train are open.

Another very effective Gypsy trick is the baby toss. A doll resembling a baby, wrapped up in a blanket is thrown at the victim. While the victim panics and catches the pseudo-baby, Gypsies grab and pickpocket the victim’s valuables.

Liquid is spilled on you, and a Gypsy offers to help you clean up even if you reject. Your belongings are then easily swiped as you will be caught off guard. A harmless looking old Gypsy might offer to help.

Be aware of your surroundings and the people around you. Make sure you are not being followed, and if you think you are step into the nearest hotel or shop. You might avoid any ambush by taking this action. It is a common thing for Gypsies to distract the person who is drawing money out of an ATM while someone snatches the money from the other side. It only takes a split moment, causing you to look in another direction from a distraction and some quick hands can take your money.

Another popular scam is pickpockets masquerading as undercover policemen. Gypsies approach you on the street and ask for your wallet and documentation, pretending that they’re looking for counterfeit notes. You’ll discover later that they stealthily swiped a few notes while they were looking through your money. Remember that the police are unlikely to approach you unless your behavior seems suspicious or you are inebriated; moreover, they certainly wouldn’t ask to go through your wallet. While a real policeman could ask for your documentation, he wouldn’t do it before showing you a police badge of his own.

If a hapless, confused-looking person armed with a map and camera asks you for directions, you’re likely to try your best to help. While you’re pointing them the right way, be aware that the Gypsy pseudo-tourist has an accomplice Gypsy using the distraction to pickpocket you.

You might see a Gypsy pretending to be asleep on a nearby bench or table and wait some to unsuspecting citizen to sit down for lunch. Parks are places where people relax, eat lunch, rest their feet after lots of walking, and all they are thinking about is taking a break, getting some rest, or planning what to do next. A Gypsy sleeping nearby hardly appears to be a threat, but this is the perfect situation for a pseudo-sleeping purse snatcher to assess their prey.

You might see a good-looking woman arguing with a street vendor. The vendor accuses her of shoplifting, which she vehemently denies. To prove her innocence, she starts taking off her clothes very slowly. Once she’s down to her underwear, the vendor apologizes and she leaves. Suddenly all the men in the crowd find out that their wallets have left too, thanks to a team of pickpockets working during the show.

Fortunetelling is the most recognizable of all Gypsy crimes. Everyone who enters is a potential victim. Fortunetelling establishments are found in every sizable city. Most who enter will pay their twenty euros and leave. Some will keep coming back until their life savings are gone. The victims are often those who are at a last resort stage of life and are often suffering from a lost love, death of a family member, or illness. Embarrassment leads to rare reporting and, if reported, the fortuneteller is gone.

The home repair cons are rarely reported crimes and often ignored by the law enforcement community. The driveway coating/sealing scam where the loss is one hundred euros is common. It looks good until the first rain. House painting and roof repair work are the same way. The homeowner is approached by several men in a pick-up truck (sometimes accompanied by children) who have pseudo-leftover materials from another job and they say they will do the repairs on the victim’s home for a stated dollar value to make extra money. This can also be an opening for a burglary. Who would refuse a child a drink of water on a hot day or the use of the bathroom? Guess who does the theft that’s not discovered until hours or days later? Who’s going to complain about a driveway-coating job that washed away? They are just prey.

Distraction theft is a store-diversion robbery. The crime is not planned in advance but more of a mood thing. The key is to create a diversion of some sort by a dozen Gypsies. After calm is restored, the store usually discovers all of its cash has mysteriously disappeared. Violence is never used but total confusion and pandemonium reign during the theft.

A mountain of money is being made in fraudulent insurance claims. Slip and falls and staged auto crashes are the most common. These are committed with little detection because the settlements are always made quickly and for cash. The amounts are never outrageous and are usually the “Just cover my medical bills” kind of a thing. The businesses involved are usually eager not to have an insurance claim on their record, so out comes the cash.

Gypsies snatch babies and children to use them as beggars and thieves. The kids are beaten and abused, with some even deliberately disfigured to increase their earning potential, as disabled beggars generate more income. Those who do not beg are forced to pick pockets, wash car windscreens, or shoplift. The children have to give every penny of their loot to the men in control.  Children under fourteen years of age cannot be prosecuted in Europe.  That’s why Gypsies use many children for their scams.

Famous economist Adam Smith at the age of four was kidnapped by Gypsies, though prompt action by his uncle soon effected his rescue. “He would have made, I fear, a poor Gypsy,” commented John Rae, his main biographer. A band of gypsies stole him away while visiting his grandfather. A posse was formed, the gypsy band was caught up with, and little Adam was soon returned to his mother. How different the history of economic ideas might have been if instead of his release, Adam Smith had grown up among the gypsies and made a living picking pockets!



Branding is both an art and a science. It’s true — a business can survive without an intentional branding strategy. But a strong brand helps you understand what you’re business is all about, who you should target, and how to speak to your audience. In short, a strong brand sets you up for business success.

Driving a Henry, eating a Milton bar or shopping at Rowland. These are experiences customers might be having were Ford, Hershey and Macy’s named today, rather than 100-plus years ago.

Increasingly prevalent in recent years, first-name brands help give companies and their products more authentic, human identities. If not already, the customer of the future may soon find herself asking Alexa to place a pizza order with Dom or for Erica to schedule her monthly loan payment to Marcus. Oscar, Casper, Lucy, Otto, Lola, Dave, Clara, Lily, TED. The presumed strategy these young brands all share: introduce yourself to customers on a first name basis, and you’ll immediately be viewed as a more personable, approachable and trustworthy partner. We attribute this trend to the broader, more fundamental shift underway. Through the power of data, corporations are engaging each customer in radically more personal ways.

For the value exchange to work, customers must trust a company enough to share that personal data, and brands are increasingly realizing that authenticity is key to building that trust. Selecting a human brand name is a potent shortcut, appealing to human familiarity as a heuristic for personal relationships. As put by the founder of the overdraft-dodging financial app, Dave, “We named the company Dave because we wanted people to think of the app as a friend they can turn to when they’re in a financial bind.”

While these names are powerful assets, humanizing the brands they define for the long term, they are also foundations on which deeper connection must be built though story and experience, culture and sustained innovation. This raises the key question facing the Toms, Dick’s and Harry’s of the world: What must a brand do to live up to the human authenticity of a human name?

Like a human, have a personal history. Marcus was introduced by Goldman Sachs as their foray into personal lending, a new consumer market for the company, where simplicity and personalized customer support are keys to success. Marcus also touts the 147 years of financial expertise the firm puts behind the product. That’s how long ago its namesake Marcus Goldman founded the company, and a return to his name makes the brand not only more personal, but also more authentic to its heritage. “Inspired by Marcus Goldman, we put our customers at the center of everything we do.” This brand focus can be felt through to every communication where the M: identity delivers messages straight from the expert source, backed with advocacy for each customer. Recently, Marcus announced it had reached $1 billion in lending and is on pace to double that by year’s end.

Like a human, be friendly. Oscar has proven a breath of fresh air in a category notorious for its complexity, opaque policies and impersonal communications. The health insurance company was named for the great-grandfather of co-founder Josh Kushner, who was inspired by an EOB (Explanation of Benefits) so complicated, he designed a business to “create the health care experience we want for ourselves and our loved ones.” Oscar’s new enhanced doctor profiles connect members to physicians on a more intimate level, providing photos, personal bios and a “Compatibility” section that makes each interaction more approachable. From the simplicity of plans to accessibility of service to the tone of voice and visual language used throughout every dimension of the experience, down to the URL,, Oscar might be the first insurance company you’d want to befriend.

Like a human, respect the unique differences of others. Each of Warby Parker’s frames bears a human name like Harper, Eliot or Otis, often drawing from literary characters like the Kerouac-inspired company name itself. These idiosyncratic names help to reflect the brand’s broader appreciation for the individuality of every customer. This carries through to their home trial feature that empathizes with the need to live with glasses a bit before buying, and the online quiz that suggests tailored recommendations with a human tone. A brand that forms truly personal connections is the opposite of one-size-fits-all.

Like a human, learn. Drawing from the human name within the word America, Bank of America is prepping the launch of a new smart assistant, Erica, planned to roll out through its mobile app later this year. The vision for Erica is far more than a bot who serves rote functions, but a personal advocate who learns from customers’ habits, gets to know their goals and helps them from a place of deeper understanding. By sensing a customer’s recurring payments, Erica can proactively send voice reminders to help them avoid fees. By learning about the important priorities in customers’ lives, Erica’s “dynamic insights” will aim to deliver more hyper-relevant financial guidance. While we might not anticipate that a big bank could understand us and guide us on an individual level, a personal connection with Erica helps to challenge that assumption.

As with many other naming trends, the first-name convention emerges from the broader context in which we interact with brands. The rise of the internet brought eTrade and iPhone. The .com real-estate grab: misspellings (Flickr and Digg) and trendy suffixes (Bitly, Napster). And as bots and AI continue to proliferate, human names are likely to reach their own saturation point.

Any brand considering this approach must consider the imminent future where customers interact with as many first-name brands as they have first-name friends. At what point does our circle of brand acquaintances become too many names to remember? Which human traits, good or bad, may be attributed to a human name? What do the cultural or gender associations of the name’s roots evoke for your customers?

The naming convention has a clear limit. But the opportunity to continue pushing experiences to a more approachable and authentic place is boundless. The question marketers must ask themselves is: How can we help customers feel comfortable interacting with us on a first-name basis?



Poisons can kill. But we also know that unintentional poisonings are preventable. That’s why the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission urges everyone to have a Plan for Protection from Poisoning, especially if there are little ones or elderly relatives in the home.  


Younger children tend to get into everything and often put things they shouldn’t into their mouths. Hazardous medicines and household cleaning products can be mistaken for more common products due to colorful packaging or fruity scents. Ingesting these can be a deadly mistake.

In 2016, more than 79,000 children were seen in the ER due to unintended pediatric poisoning. More than 84% of these incidents occurred in the home and most often with these five products: blood pressure medications, acetaminophen, laundry packets, bleach, and sedatives/anti-anxiety medications.


Locking up medications and keeping them out of sight, is paramount in preventing pediatric poisonings. Discarding unfinished medicine is also part of a good plan for protection from poisoning. But don’t just throw them in the trash where they can be discovered and retrieved. Consider taking unneeded medications to your local police station where many have drug recovery bins or check your local pharmacy to see if they have a disposal kiosk for medications.

Laundry packets

Recently, teens trying to get clicks and likes on their social media pages have put themselves in danger by putting laundry detergent pods in their mouth. No one wants to see an internet joke become a family tragedy. Laundry packets are toxic and should never be ingested.

CPSC is aware of 10 deaths from ingesting laundry packets; two were children; eight adult victims all suffered from Alzheimer’s disease or dementia.

Safety Tips and Resources

  • Always use and re-seal child safety caps, including on liquid nicotine.
  • Lock up household cleaners, laundry pods and medicines. Keep them out of sight and out of reach of children.
  • Keep medicines in their original child resistant containers.
  • Never call medicine “candy.”
  • Don’t take medicines in front of children, they tend to imitate adults.
  • Keep the poison hotline number 1-800-222-1222 nearby.

For more than 50 years, National Poison Prevention Week has been observed during the third week in March, focusing on the danger of commonly used medicines and household cleaners and ways to keep your family safe.  So let’s keep the conversation going in our homes and communities to prevent poison related tragedies.

Video: CPSC Acting Chair Ann Marie Buerkle  

For more information: please visit CPSC’s Poison Prevention Information Center

Poison Prevention Week Council:

CPSC Consumer Information Hotline
Contact us at this toll-free number if you have questions about a recall:
800-638-2772 (TTY 301-595-7054)
Times: 8 a.m.5:30 p.m. ET; Messages can be left anytime
Call to get product safety and other agency information and to report unsafe products.

Media Contact
Please use the phone numbers below for all media requests.
Phone: 301-504-7908
Spanish: 301-504-7800


Today the National Resident Matching Program® (NRMP®) celebrates Match Day with the thousands of applicants and programs participating in the 2018 Main Residency Match®. On Match Day, medical school students and graduates from the United States and around the world learn in which U.S. residency programs they will train for the next three to seven years. Seniors at U.S. allopathic medical schools participate in Match Day ceremonies and open their Match letters in the company of family, friends, and advisors. Today the NRMP also releases the Advance Data Tables (select tables from the full Match report published in early May), Match by the Numbers”, and Match Day infographic.

“NRMP is delighted to share this milestone with so many young physicians and to acknowledge their years of hard work and dedication,” says Mona M. Signer, NRMP President and CEO. “We wish them success as they begin their medical careers in communities across the nation.” NRMP will celebrate with the American Medical Association and the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) on social media with the #Match2018 hashtag.

Largest Match on Record
The 2018 Main Residency Match is the largest in NRMP history. A record-high 37,103 applicants submitted program choices for 33,167 positions, the most ever offered in the Match. The number of available first-year (PGY-1) positions rose to 30,232, an increase of 1,383 over 2017.

Program Highlights

Specialty Competitiveness
The results of the Match are closely watched because they can be predictors of future physician workforce supply. There also is significant interest in the competitiveness of specialties, as measured by the percentage of positions filled overall and the percentage filled by senior students in U.S. allopathic medical schools.

  • Specialties with more than 30 positions that filled all available positions were Integrated Interventional Radiology, Neurological Surgery, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Thoracic Surgery.
  • Specialties with more than 30 positions that filled more than 90 percent with U.S. allopathic seniors were Integrated Interventional Radiology (95.5%), Orthopedic Surgery (93.1%), Integrated Plastic Surgery (92.9%), Radiation Oncology (91.5%), Neurological Surgery (90.2%), and Otolaryngology (90.2%).
  • Specialties with more than 30 positions that filled less than 45 percent with U.S. allopathic seniors were Family Medicine (44.9%), Internal Medicine (42.4%), Surgery – Preliminary (41.6%), Pediatrics – Primary (40.0%), and Pathology (36.6%).

Primary Care
Of the 30,232 first-year positions offered, 14,695 were in the primary care specialties of Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Internal Medicine – Pediatrics, Internal Medicine – Primary, and Pediatrics; of those, 14,333 (97.5%) were filled and 7,104 (48.3%) were filled by U.S. allopathic seniors. Since 2014, the number of primary care positions has grown by 1,713, a 13.2 percent increase. Below are highlights from 2018:

  • Internal Medicine programs offered 7,542 positions, 309 more than in 2017; 7,363 (97.6%) positions filled, and 3,195 (42.4%) filled with U.S. allopathic seniors. The number and percentage of U.S. allopathic seniors matching to Internal Medicine has declined every year since 2015.
  • Family Medicine programs offered 3,629 positions, 273 more than in 2017; 3,510 (96.7%) positions filled, and 1,628 (44.9%) filled with U.S. allopathic seniors. Since 2009, the number of U.S. allopathic seniors matching to Family Medicine has increased every year.
  • Pediatrics programs offered 2,768 positions, 30 more than in 2017; 2,711 (97.9%) filled, and 1,746 (63.1%) filled with U.S. allopathic seniors. The percentage of U.S. allopathic seniors matching to Pediatrics has declined every year since 2015.

Other First-Year Specialty Growth

  • Emergency Medicine offered 2,278 first-year positions, 231 more than in 2017, and filled all but 13. The overall fill rate was 99.4 percent, and 70.5 percent were filled by U.S. allopathic seniors. Since 2014, the number of Emergency Medicine positions has increased by 492, or 27.5 percent.
  • Other specialties with at least 30 positions and increasing by more than 50 positions over 2017 were Psychiatry (61 more positions, a 4.1 percent increase), Neurology (60 more positions, a 12.2 percent increase), and Anesthesiology (51 more positions, a 4.2 percent increase). Also, the number of Transitional Year (PGY-1 only) positions increased by 178, a 19.6 percent increase.

Applicant Highlights
The number of Match registrants was the highest ever at 43,909. The increase was due primarily to students/graduates of U.S. osteopathic medical schools, whose numbers grew by 1,054 over 2017 to 6,054 this year. 

  • The number of U.S. allopathic medical school seniors who submitted program choices was a record high 18,818, an increase of 279 over 2017; 17,740 (94.3%) matched to first-year positions, the highest number ever. The 94 percent PGY-1 match rate for U.S. allopathic seniors has been consistent for many years.
  • The number of U.S. osteopathic medical school students and graduates who submitted program choices was 4,617, and 3,771 (81.7%) matched to PGY-1 positions. Both are all-time highs. Since 2014, the number of U.S. osteopathic medical school students and graduates seeking positions has risen by 1,879, a 68.6 percent increase. Participation by osteopathic students is expected to continue to grow over the next several years as a result of the transition to a single accreditation system; by 2020, when all graduate medical education programs are accredited by the ACGME, the American Osteopathic Association Match will cease to exist.
  • The number of U.S. citizen international medical school students and graduates (IMGs) who submitted program choices was 5,075, an increase of six over 2017; 57.1 percent (2,900) matched to PGY-1 positions, the highest match rate since 1993.
  • The number of non-U.S. citizen IMGs who participated in the Match declined for the second consecutive year. In 2018, 7,067 IMGs submitted program choices, down 217 from 2017 and 393 from 2016. However, 3,962 IMGs (56.1%) matched to first-year positions, the highest match rate since 1993.

Unmatched Applicants
Applicants who did not match to a residency position participated in the NRMP Match Week Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program® (SOAP®) to attempt to obtain an unfilled position. This year, 1,171 of the 1,268 unfilled positions were offered during SOAP. SOAP results will be available in the full Match report published in early May.

View the Advance Data Tables, Match by the Numbers, and Match infographic

The Match Process
For applicants, the Main Residency Match process begins in the fall during the final year of medical school, when they apply to the residency programs of their choice. Throughout the fall and early winter, applicants interview with programs. From mid-January to late February, applicants and program directors rank each other in order of preference and submit the preference lists to NRMP, which processes them using a computerized mathematical algorithm to match applicants with programs. Research on the NRMP algorithm was a basis for awarding The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 2012.

About NRMP
The National Resident Matching Program® (NRMP®) is a private, non-profit organization established in 1952 at the request of medical students to provide an orderly and fair mechanism for matching the preferences of applicants for U.S. residency positions with the preferences of residency program directors. In addition to the annual Main Residency Match® for almost 44,000 registrants, the NRMP conducts Fellowship Matches for more than 60 subspecialties through its Specialties Matching Service® (SMS®).

Diane Greenhalgh