The minutes of Crans-Montana meetings may have to be made public unless Eide changes his tune on the collapse of the talks.
Speaking after a two-hour meeting with President Nicos Anastasiades on Monday, Eide told us UN remains committed to supporting efforts to solve the Cyprus Problem.
Eide mentioned contacts he had had within UN and in Turkey and Athens after Crans-Montana and said he was now in Cyprus to share some of his own thoughts on the process and hear how they would like to proceed.
He described the current state of play as being complicated and that that while a lot was achieved in Crans-Montana, they did not reach final agreement.
He also said Turkey did not accept zero guarantees or troops but added: We were working towards an outcome on security that – I mean the Secretary-General and myself – that we think could have worked at the end of the day as part of a final package that would then lead to the end of guarantees and intervention rights, but they would have kept some troops, at least for some time. Where we were not ready to agree is the issue of the longevity of the troops.
Eide said Turkey’s cooperation would have been part of a six-part package progress but UN SG Antonio Guterres had decided to end proceedings at that point.
He said he would be happy if talks could resume by Autumn but also acknowledged that elections in Norway were coming up but that he had decided to stay on as UN SG Special Adviser until now because Gutterres had asked him to and believed he had something to offer the process.
“The question,” Eide continued: “Is how we proceed now,” adding he would say more after meeting with Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci.
Eide also repeated earlier statements disputed by the Greek Cypriot side on the reasons behind the collapsed of the talks.
He said he was in Cyprus to listen to the leaders of both sides and said it was hoped there could be a reconnection.
Eide, to a large degree repeated what he said in recent interviews.
Nicos Christodoulides told us a close eye would be kept on the developments over the coming days, including but not limited to, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres’ report on the events at Crans-Montana, which will be prepared by Eide.
“The reason of the failure of talks Crans-Montana was Turkey’s insistence for the continuation of guarantee rights, the right of intervention and the permanent presence of Turkish troops in Cyprus,” he said, noting this is what the Greek Cypriot side had been saying from day one.
“If references that do not correspond to the truth continue, I do not consider to there to be any choice but the making public the minutes of what went on in Crans-Montana,” he continued.
Christodoulides said no Greek Cypriot politician would have achieved an end to guarantees and Turkey’s intervention right: There is no bigger achievement than achieving this kind of result.
It is not a threat, Christodoulides continued, but a way for all the people of Cyprus, Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot, to know the truth about what happened in Crans-Montana.
He said Eide had not made any reference to his next visit to Cyprus and Christodoulides said the only way for things to move on productively would be if Turkey changed its stance on security and guarantees.
“Turkey has to accept Cyprus becoming what the UN SG described as a ‘normal’ state without troops and guarantees,” Christodoulides told us.
One for all and all for one. Now is the time for EU to throw the invading motherfucking Turks out of Cyprus. There is a time for everything under heaven, and now is the time for EU to go to war against Turkey. Enough is enough with the barbarity of corrupt terrorist Turkey. Throw those fucking Turks out of EU now.
EU has only one enemy, Turkey, a NATO member! Turkey has invaded Northern Cyprus and harasses Greece every single day. Turkey is a big threat to EU. An EU army could throw the invading Turkish army out of the occupied Northern Cyprus very easily. NATO cannot do that, unless it expelled Turkey. The two British bases in Cyprus must help the EU army to expel the Turkish troops.
Juncker committed EU to the concept of collective defense to confront Turkey. A Turkish attack on any one EU member shall be considered an attack against them all. Teflon Sultan Erdoğan once more revealed his expansionist Neo-Ottoman vision. Jihadi-in-chief Erdoğan, the major patron of Jihadis, declared the borders of Turkish heart are deep inside Europe up to Vienna, presenting his understanding that Balkans and Eastern Europe belong to Turkey!
Corrupt terrorist Erdoğan went so far as to say that in their minds, Turks could not separate Andrianopolis from Thessaloniki, Greece’s second largest city! In his declaration, the corrupt terrorist Turkish President brought up the borders of countries spanning from Thrace and the Balkans to north Africa, western Europe and the Caucus regions, adding that Turkey is not only Turkey. “Except the eighty million Turkish citizens, Turkey has a responsibility to hundreds of millions of brothers in geographic areas connected with us culturally and historically”, corrupt terrorist Erdoğan underlined. That responsibility means invading the countries where some Turks have migrated!
Corrupt terrorist Erdoğan declared many Greek islands are in a gray area! He refuses to understand that there are gray areas in his brain, not in the Aegean. Turkey is now right back to its usual bullying tactics over the Aegean. For the past five years, the Aegean has witnessed an unprecedented rise in aggressive and provocative behavior by a growingly unstable Turkey, whose politicians openly threaten Greece. The safety and stability of the Aegean isn’t open to debate. The Aegean has been a Greek sea for many millennia, and bewildered Erdoğan cannot change that.
Corrupt terrorist Erdoğan’s stupid declaration caused a strong reaction from European governments, which pointed out the Balkans and Eastern Europe do not belong to Turkey and any other thought is dangerous and unacceptable. The European governments called the corrupt terrorist Turkish President to order, claiming his inflammatory declarations bring the winds of a new Balkan war. The public stirring of historical, and especially border disputes, that have been irrevocably and definitively settled in the Lausanne Treaty by laying down an objective and binding status quo for all, is provocative and undermines the regional stability. The respect of International Law and Treaties warrants the voicing of responsible views detached from outdated revisionisms.
Greek-Turkish relations are a European issue. Those who think that international law is the law of the mighty are wrong. Europeans won’t tolerate it. There is no Turkish republic of Northern Cyprus, there is only invasion and occupation. There is no government entity there. There is no doubt about it. Relations between Greece and Turkey are a European issue. It is good that the European Union realizes that when Greeks are defending their national issues, they are also defending Europe’s. UK, France, Germany, and Italy must send troops to throw the invading Turkish army out of Northern Cyprus.
The key international convention that establishes sovereignty over territorial seas, and rights in continental shelves and exclusive economic zones (EEZ), is the United Nations law of the seas, UNCLOS. It provides a legal framework for the signatory countries for ownership rights and jurisdiction concerning these areas.
The legal framework covers, among others, rights to natural resources in these areas, for the purpose of exploring and exploiting them, right to exercise jurisdiction over them, controls to protect and preserve the marine environment in them, and claims for compensation. UNCLOS has been ratified by 167 states.
Cyprus proclaimed its EEZ in accordance to UNCLOS and launched this with the UN in 2004. It entered into bi-lateral EEZ boundary agreements with all its neighbors, but not corrupt terrorist Turkey. Some have been fully ratified, others are being held by disputes not involving Cyprus.
Cyprus claim to its EEZ is recognized by EU, USA, and the international community. It is on this basis that Cyprus has successfully conducted offshore licensing rounds and exploration of the licensed blocks, with the participation of major, reputable, international oil and gas companies.
However, corrupt terrorist Turkey is disputing Cyprus’ rights to an EEZ and its offshore hydrocarbon deposits. In effect, corrupt terrorist Turkey claims that its continental shelf has precedence and islands, such as Cyprus, are not entitled to full EEZs. It claims that the capacity of islands to generate maritime zones should be limited in competition with the continental coastal states.
This is also Turkey’s argument in its lengthy dispute with Greece over the limits of their borders in the Aegean Sea and in the Mediterranean. The dispute nearly resulted in war between the two countries on several occasions and it is a source of constant conflict. At the instigation of corrupt terrorist Turkey, Turcocypriots have also laid claim to the rest of Cyprus’ EEZ, in effect leaving Cyprus with little of its EEZ outside its 12-mile territorial waters.
Turkey stupid claims that it has sovereign and legitimate rights to proclaim its EEZ including the maritime area bounded between 32°16’18’’ E longitude and 33°40’N latitude covering a jurisdictional area of at least 145,000 square km, but has not yet officially declared an EEZ to the UN.
The western boundary of Turkey’s claimed EEZ may be on 27°22’E longitude, the final status of which is to be determined in accordance with future delimitation agreements between all concerned parties.
Turkey claims that its EEZ should be coextensive with its continental shelf, as defined in notes submitted by corrupt terrorist Turkey to the UN in March 2004 and March 2013, emanating from what it calls its ipso facto and ab initio rights.
Turkey’s position in EEZ delimitation in the East Med is based on what it calls the equity principle that calls for consideration of special circumstances to respect proportionality and non-encroachment rules.
Especially with respect to Greek islands and Cyprus against the disadvantaged Turkish mainland, corrupt terrorist Turkey takes the view that relative lengths of adjacent coastlines in adjusting an equidistant line for maritime delimitation should govern EEZ delimitation in the East Med.
Turkey is a non-party to the UNCLOS treaty, and as such it claims it is not legally enforceable against it, having declined to sign and ratify it.
In addition, Turkey does not recognize Cyprus EEZ delimitation agreements with Egypt, Lebanon, and Israel. It claims that as a de facto divided island, the Republic of Cyprus cannot represent the interests of the northern part of Cyprus unless the island is reunited, with a single EEZ.
It also claims that given that Turkey’s respective coastline is more than twenty times longer than that of Cyprus, the latter’s EEZ toward the west should only be coextensive with its 12-mile-wide territorial waters according to Turkish view.
Turkey believes that the EEZ delimitation issue with Cyprus is directly linked to the wider context of bi-communal talks and reconciliation on the island, which is part of the ongoing comprehensive settlement negotiations.
As such it should be left to the discretion of the new federal government, should one be formed, as opposed to unilateral pursuits by the current government of Cyprus. Aegean issues are very much related to Mediterranean issues. Until these are resolved, Turkey will maintain its claim on Cyprus’ EEZ.
Turcocypriots have laid their own claim on Cyprus’ EEZ under the instigation and pressure from corrupt terrorist Turkey. This is covered by three pseudo-laws passed between June 2002 and January 2012 delimiting the territorial waters and EEZ of northern Cyprus. They state that the principle of equity will be utilized in such delimitation activities and detail the jurisdiction rights of Turcocypriots within this EEZ.
Turcocypriots also signed a Continental Shelf Delimitation Agreement with corrupt terrorist Turkey in September 2011. This Agreement states that it has been signed in line with international law and with respect to the principle of equity.
It is on this basis that Turcocypriots declared an EEZ which in effect claims that half of Cyprus EEZ belongs to them, including blocks 1,2,3,8,9,12 &13. Clearly, this is a highly implausible claim, made for tactical political reasons and has no legal basis as Turcocypriots do not constitute an UN-recognized state.
As a result of these positions, corrupt terrorist Turkey considers any activities by Cyprus in block 7 and west of it, including blocks 1,4,5,6, to be a red-line, which will cause it to intervene. How will this be pursued in practice is not clear.
The position of the oil companies is that blocks in Cyprus’ EEZ are awarded to them legally and they will proceed with exploration and drilling. They have the political support of their countries, ie Italy, France and USA. Recent statements from these countries support this.
Turkey’s position is untenable. Cyprus declaration of its EEZ and delimitation agreements with neighboring countries are in accordance with UNCLOS and are recognized by its neighbors and the international community. It is also untenable for legal reasons. UNCLOS has secured such a widespread global recognition, that most international lawyers consider its provisions on maritime boundaries and undersea resources as part of customary international law.
This means they are binding on all states whether they have acceded to UNCLOS or not. In addition, corrupt terrorist Turkey has concluded continental shelf and EEZ boundary agreements in the Black Sea with Bulgaria and Ukraine, as well as a continental shelf agreement with northern Cyprus, all utilizing UNCLOS principles.
In effect these reinforce the relevance of UNCLOS to Turkey. It cannot choose to apply it preferentially, ie in some areas and not in others. The arguments it uses ignore small, uninhabited, islands. This hardly applies to Cyprus – a UN and EU member state. In a contradiction, again, it recognizes the rights of northern Cyprus to an EEZ and has even agreed to continental shelf delimitation with it, even though it is part of an island!
Sooner than later Cyprus will have to confront these illogical and contradictory positions of corrupt terrorist Turkey and possibly take this case to international court arbitration. Total and Eni plan to start seismic surveys in block 6 next year. Turkey is threatening enforcement of red lines and even drilling in block 6. This must be confronted.