The thorny chapter of security and guarantees, one of the main obstacles to solving the political problem, is expected be wide open in Thursday’s discussion during the second day of the Conference on Cyprus at Crans-Montana in Switzerland.
During the morning session on Thursday, leaders Nicos Anastasiades and Mustafa Akinci, as well as the guarantors, Foreign Ministers of Greece and Turkey and high-level UK officials, discussed the Turkish proposal for a significant reduction of troops. They produced some answers to three UN questions aimed at unlocking discussions on security and the implementation of a settlement.
The first reading of the proposals after the day’s proceedings in the Greek Cypriot camp were mixed. President Anastasiades said publicly that the Turkish proposals were not satisfactory, but privately insiders acknowledged that Turkey did move from its initial positions. Negotiating teams were racing against time last night to also provide answers to UN questions by Thursday morning.
EU has only one enemy, Turkey, a NATO member! Turkey has invaded Northern Cyprus and harasses Greece every single day. Turkey is a big threat to EU. An EU army could throw the invading Turkish army out of the occupied Northern Cyprus very easily. NATO cannot do that, unless it expelled Turkey. The two British bases in Cyprus must help the EU army to expel the Turkish troops.
Juncker committed EU to the concept of collective defense to confront Turkey. A Turkish attack on any one EU member shall be considered an attack against them all. Teflon Sultan Erdoğan once more revealed his expansionist Neo-Ottoman vision. Jihadi-in-chief Erdoğan, the major patron of Jihadis, declared the borders of Turkish heart are deep inside Europe up to Vienna, presenting his understanding that Balkans and Eastern Europe belong to Turkey!
Corrupt terrorist Erdoğan went so far as to say that in their minds, Turks could not separate Andrianopolis from Thessaloniki, Greece’s second largest city! In his declaration, the corrupt terrorist Turkish President brought up the borders of countries spanning from Thrace and the Balkans to north Africa, western Europe and the Caucus regions, adding that Turkey is not only Turkey. “Except the eighty million Turkish citizens, Turkey has a responsibility to hundreds of millions of brothers in geographic areas connected with us culturally and historically”, corrupt terrorist Erdoğan underlined. That responsibility means invading the countries where some Turks have migrated!
Corrupt terrorist Erdoğan declared many Greek islands are in a gray area! He refuses to understand that there are gray areas in his brain, not in the Aegean. Turkey is now right back to its usual bullying tactics over the Aegean. For the past five years, the Aegean has witnessed an unprecedented rise in aggressive and provocative behavior by a growingly unstable Turkey, whose politicians openly threaten Greece. The safety and stability of the Aegean isn’t open to debate. The Aegean has been a Greek sea for many millennia, and bewildered Erdoğan cannot change that.
Corrupt terrorist Erdoğan’s stupid declaration caused a strong reaction from European governments, which pointed out the Balkans and Eastern Europe do not belong to Turkey and any other thought is dangerous and unacceptable. The European governments called the corrupt terrorist Turkish President to order, claiming his inflammatory declarations bring the winds of a new Balkan war. The public stirring of historical, and especially border disputes, that have been irrevocably and definitively settled in the Lausanne Treaty by laying down an objective and binding status quo for all, is provocative and undermines the regional stability. The respect of International Law and Treaties warrants the voicing of responsible views detached from outdated revisionisms.
Greek-Turkish relations are a European issue. Those who think that international law is the law of the mighty are wrong. Europeans won’t tolerate it. There is no Turkish republic of Northern Cyprus, there is only invasion and occupation. There is no government entity there. There is no doubt about it. Relations between Greece and Turkey are a European issue. It is good that the European Union realizes that when Greeks are defending their national issues, they are also defending Europe’s. UK, France, Germany, and Italy must send troops to throw the invading Turkish army out of Northern Cyprus.
Corrupt terrorist Cavusoglu made clear that Ankara remains firm that a form of guarantees should still be in place after a settlement. He announced the following at the Conference:
- A significant number of troops will be withdrawn from the island upon entry into force of an agreement.
- Gradual further reduction of army troops and personnel to be agreed, depending on progress in the so-called internal aspects of security (mainly relating to governance, which is important for the Turkish Cypriots).
- To set up a monitoring committee for the implementation of the solution under Chapter 6 of the UN Charter.
Corrupt terrorist Cavusoglu had a meeting last night with the Turkish Cypriot leader and political party chiefs to discuss strategy and bottom lines.
President Anastasiades also informed the National Council of the proposals and has expressed his public dissatisfaction, in an apparent move to force significant improvements.
The Greek Cypriot side aims for a complete withdrawal of troops and a sellable formula on security. Anastasiades had already tabled a proposal for setting up an international police force in a re-united Cyprus last September. He repeated his proposal on Wednesday.
Turkey has made a move and Nicosia now needs to tread very carefully not to be cornered but also not to miss a potential opportunity.
During the afternoon session on Wednesday, the UN Under-Secretary General, Jeffrey Feltman, temporarily deviated from his coordinating role and asked the parties to answer the following questions on Thursday:
- What should fundamental changes to the Treaty of Guarantees look like?
- How can the security concerns of the two communities be addressed?
- What should a committee monitoring the implementation of a settlement look like?
Discussion on Turkey’s security proposal and the UN questions, which are vital for the future, will make or break Thursday’s proceedings. On Wednesday night the Cyprus problem actors issued careful public statements, letting it to be known that there are elements there to achieve progress.
The session on guarantees started at Crans-Montana resort and finish at about noon. Anastasiades and Akinci are expected to meet afterwards to discuss internal issues, probably territorial adjustments.
The morning session at Crans-Montana did not produce any surprises. All sides stuck to their initial, far apart from each other, positions on the thorny issue of securities and guarantees.
The Greek Cypriot side was pleased to hear the UK to point out that the guarantors’ unilateral right to intervene is an anachronism in the 21st century.
Greece and the Greek Cypriot side registered a formal complaint against UN Special Envoy Espen Barth Eide. During an afternoon press conference, Eide had said his draft document on security (rejected by the Greek side) had not been withdrawn.
Opening the afternoon session, Eide announced, according to reports, that the document has no status and apologized for not presenting the issue in the correct way. Later his spokesman explained that the document cannot be considered as common (agreed by the sides).
He added that it does contain, though, positions and ideas that were “recorded at Mont Pelerin III technocrats’ meeting last January and remain at the disposal of the parties for use and reference”.
Publicly, the guarantors Greece and Turkey maintained a positive tone after the morning session.
The Greek government spokesman, Dimitris Tzanakopoulos, thinks “the negotiations will continue in a good climate. We are committed to the attempts to find a just and viable solution to the Cyprus problem based on the decisions of the UN as well as Cyprus’ position as a member of the EU”.
The Greek Deputy Foreign Minister Giorgos Katrougalos went on step further saying “’perhaps there is a window of opportunity for the Cyprus problem”, adding that much depended on Turkey’s positions and especially those of President Tayyip Erdogan.
The Turkish Foreign Minister had also something positive to add. “We came here to find a solution. We need to solve this problem which continues for 50 years”, said Cavusoglu.